Primary History

Famous People: Glossary

Choose a section:

Jump to: A-D | E-G | H-L | M-O | P-S | T-Z

A to D

century
A period of 100 years.
country surgeon
A doctor who did his own operations.
cuckoo
A bird that lays its egg in other bird's nests.
dairymaid
A woman who milks cows.
disease
A dangerous illness.

E to G

experiment
A scientific test to see what happens, and is often repeated to see if the same thing happens again.
fossil
The hard remains of a plant or animal preserved in the ground.
germs
Very tiny living things that can cause diseases.

H to L

inoculation
Giving people a mild dose of a disease, to protect them from getting it badly.

M to O

naturalist
A person interested in nature and wildlife.

P to S

Parliament
A group of people elected to make laws for Britain.
Pharaoh
Ancient Egyptian ruler.
pus
Yellow liquid that escapes from a sore on the body.
specimen
A sample for study (such as a plant or animal).
surgeon
A doctor who does operations.

T to Z

vaccination
To give someone cowpox (not serious) to protect them from smallpox (dangerous).
vicar
A Christian priest in charge of a church.
Other famous scientists

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