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12 July 2014
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Teachers and ParentsTeacher Resources

Lug and the Giant Stork - Capital letters

Curriculum relevance

Key Skills
National Curriculum: Key Stage 1
En2 Reading
1b) sound and name the letters of the alphabet
En3 Writing
3c) use capital letters

Coverage National Curriculum: Key Stage 1
Reading: Phonic Knowledge level 1
Writing: Punctuation level 1

Scotland: English Language 5-14:
Reading for enjoyment level A; Functional writing level A

Northern Ireland:
Reading Expected Outcomes c;
Writing Expected outcomes f,g

Reading Range 3 ICT; Skills 2 Grammatical knowledge
Writing Skills 1, 3

How to use the online activity

Whole class with computers
  • Introduce the activity by asking the children to tell you what they know about capital letters.
  • Explain that capital letters are used for messages that need to be noticed. Think of some short notices and write them on the board in capital letters, e.g. the name of your school.
  • Explain that Lug is a space elf who wants people to read his messages. He needs to have them written in capital letters.
  • Show the children how to select a letter from the alphabet to replace the flashing letter in the message.
  • Ask the children work through the message, replacing letters one at a time. As they work notice whether children are confident in selecting the right letter. Are some children aware that some letters are found at the beginning of the alphabet and others at the end, or does the child start from A each time to look for the letter?

Whole class using an interactive whiteboard
  • Introduce the activity as above. Read the sentence together. Ask a child to replace the flashing letter with the right capital letter.
  • Take turns to find the right letter and replace it.
  • As children look for a letter ask questions such as 'Is T near the beginning or the end of the alphabet?' Praise children for finding letters quickly and confidently.
  • Remind the children that sentences are only written in capital letters to get noticed. We do not write every sentence in capitals. Ask 'Where do we usually put a capital letter in a sentence?'

Group using computers
  • Introduce the activity as above. Let children work through the game at their own pace. Remind them that only the flashing letter can be changed.
  • Notice whether the children find letters in the alphabet confidently.
  • Ask children to read completed sentences to you.

For children who are confident in using the computer ask them to use a word processing programme. Ask them to copy a classroom notice in a variety of fonts in capital letters. Some children may also like to change the font size.

Use to plan offline lessons
You can print the picture with the various sentences from the activity (File - Print or printer icon or press Ctrl P on the keyboard). You could print one or two of each of the twelve sentences and ask children to rewrite the sentence in capital letters. The alphabet on the bottom of the page will support the children in doing this.

Go to online activity
Online lesson plan

Objectives NLS Year 1 Term
S5 to recognise full stops and capital letters and name them correctly
W2 to practise and secure alphabetic letter knowledge

Resources required
Online game for Lug and the Giant Stork.
An alphabet frieze or ABC book showing capitals and lower case letters.
Paper and pencils for extension activity.

Teaching activities
Introduction: Write some children's names on the board and ask children what is special about the first letter of each name. Explain that names are important, so the first letter is always a capital. Think of some names of local places and write the names, drawing attention to the capital letter. Look at each letter in the frieze or Abc book. Which capital letters are the same shape as the lower case letter and which are different?
Class work using an interactive whiteboard
  • Select 'Lug and the Giant Stork' from the menu. Select Activity.
  • Look at the picture of Lug and ask children how to write his name. Write it on a board using a capital letter for the first letter.
  • Use the mouse to point to and say each letter of the alphabet along the bottom of the screen.
  • Remind the children that big things get noticed. Writing the notice in capital letters will make it show up. Find the flashing letter in the notice. Use the mouse to find the capital letter in the alphabet. As the mouse hovers over it the letter gets bigger. Ask everyone 'Is this the letter we need?' Click on the letter and it will appear in place of the flashing letter.
  • Change all the letters in the sentence into capital letters. Read the sentence.
  • Involve as many children as possible in changing the letters.
  • Praise children for beginning to realise where letters appear in the alphabet and for finding them quickly.
  • If children have access to a computer ask them to work alone or in pairs to complete the game. For more sentences press 'Go'

Group work using a computer for each child or each pair of children
  • Ask the children to say the alphabet together, using the mouse to move along the letters as you say them.
  • Explain that the point of the activity is to change the sentence into capital letters. Show the children how to select a letter.
  • Work through the activity, changing the letters to capitals. As the children work, notice whether children are confident in choosing the correct letter. Were there any mistakes?

Individual/paired work
When children know what to do, let them work at their own speed. Assess children's ability to select the correct letter confidently.
Extension: ask children to choose a caption from the classroom walls and write it again in capital letters.

Say a child's name and a letter. The child writes the capital letter on the board. That child then chooses the next person and the next letter.

Suggested homework: Look for notices written in capital letters or cut out a headline from a newspaper written in capital letters. Display all the headlines.

How to use the printable worksheet

When to use this worksheet:
The worksheet is aimed at year 1 children. They need to recognise some high frequency words and the names of the characters. The activity supports the learning of alphabetical order as well as the need to use capital letters in notices. It is important that children realise that we do not write every sentence in capital letters.

With a class or group:
  • Enlarge the sheet to A3 on a photocopier. Identify the characters.
  • Compare what Lug is saying with the notice below. Which capital letters can you see in Lug's speech bubble? Why are those letters written as capitals?
  • Which letters are capitals in Kipper's speech bubble? Why is that?
  • Read the instructions with the children.
  • Ask the children to complete the worksheet.

For individual use
  • Ask children to copy Kipper's message carefully in capital letters.
  • Ask them to copy the whole alphabet in capital letters.
  • As the children work praise them for forming the letters neatly and accurately.
  • Ask them to check their own work to make sure they have changed all the letters in the notice into capitals.
  • When children have finished, ask them to choose the word they think they have written most carefully and underline it.
  • Ask why there are some capital letters in the speech bubbles. Note children's replies to assess their understanding of when capital letters should be used.

Ask children to think about what Wilma might say to Kipper. (e.g. 'Please hurry up Kipper') Write it on the back of the sheet in capital letters.

Go to worksheet
Off-line lesson plan

NLS Year 1
Term 1S5 to recognise full stops and capital letters and name them correctly.
W2 to practise and secure alphabetic letter knowledge

Resources required
Copies of worksheet for Lug and the Giant Stork.
Alphabet frieze or Abc book with capital letters (or enlarge alphabet from screen).
Classroom notices and/or captions to class displays.
Alphabet in capital letters written as a sequence (e.g. as on screen).
Homework: a-z as from bottom of worksheet for each child

Teaching activities
Introduction: Using a frieze or abc book, point to letters in order and say the alphabet together.Go through the alphabet again, noticing whether the capital and lower case letters are the same shape or different. Ask different children to find particular capital letters. Ask children to find the capital letter that begins their own name.

Teaching activities
Whole class:
  • Explain that notices are written in capital letters to get noticed.
  • Think of names of local roads. Write them on the board yourself. Ask children to think of other street notices, e.g. STOP, SCHOOL.
  • Use a classroom notice or caption written in lower case letters, or write one on the board, e.g. 'Please close this door.' Ask different children to rewrite the notice a word at a time using capital letters. Let them refer to the frieze or book for capital letters if they need to.
Group working with a teacher:
  • Discuss a variety of other notices for the classroom, e.g. 'Please turn off this tap.' etc.
  • Write each suggestion yourself in lower case letters, asking the children how to spell high frequency words and to suggest phonemes for longer words.
  • Ask each child to choose a different notice to copy carefully in capital letters for use in the classroom.

Individual work:
Give each child a copy of the worksheet. Read through the instructions together. Ask children to work alone to write the notice and copy the alphabet.

Use the back of the worksheet. Ask the children to choose a caption or notice in the classroom and copy it in capital letters in their best writing, or think of a new notice and write it in capitals.

Use an alphabet in capital letters printed as a strip. Cut the strip into six or seven pieces. Muddle the order. Ask a child to hold up each piece of alphabet. Ask another child to sort out the alphabet, telling children where to stand. Say the alphabet. Ask each child holding part of the alphabet to choose another child to take his or her place. Sort it out again. Say or sing the whole alphabet.

Suggested Homework: Give each child a strip of paper with a-z as on the worksheet. Ask everyone to copy the alphabet in capital letters using pencil, crayons or pens to make it colourful.

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