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20 October 2014

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The Cream Cake Mystery - Seeing Patterns


Curriculum relevance

Key Skills
National Curriculum: Key Stage 1
En2 Reading
1c) link sound and letter patterns, exploring rhyme, alliteration and other sound patterns
1g) recognise words with common spelling patterns
En3 Writing
1f) use the texts they read as models for their own writing
4c) recognise and use common spelling patterns

Coverage National Curriculum: Key Stage 1
Reading: Phonemic awareness level 1, Graphic knowledge level 1
Writing: Composition level 1Spelling level 1

Scotland: English Language 5-14:
Reading for enjoyment level A; awareness of genre level A
Writing Spelling level A

Northern Ireland:
Reading Expected Outcomes f,k
Writing Expected outcomes b,h

Wales:
Reading Range 3 ICT; Skills 2 Phonic knowledge
Writing Skills 2, 8 Spelling

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How to use the online activity

Whole class with computers
  • Introduce the activity by reading or reciting a rhyme that the children know. Pause for the rhyming words so that the children supply them. Write the rhyming words on the board. Think of some more to add to each set of rhymes. Talk about the spelling patterns. Are they the same, or different?
  • Select the activity and read the first rhyme with the gaps. Read the set of words and look for a spelling pattern. Ask the children to tell you the word for each gap.
  • If necessary, show the children how to move the right word to fill the gap. Ask the children to complete the rhyme.
  • Let children work through other screens at their own speed.
  • As the children work, ask individuals to read the sentences to you. Praise children for decoding new words independently.

Whole class using an interactive whiteboard
  • Introduce the activity as above. Read the first rhyme together. Ask a child to identify the first missing word.
  • If everyone agrees choose a child to use the mouse to place the word, or show them how to do it yourself.
  • Ask other children to select and place the remaining words.
  • Read the whole rhyme to check for sense.
  • Make a list of the rhyming words on a board and think of some more to add.
  • Work through several screens. Involve as many children as possible.
  • For each rhyme, make a list of the rhyming words used and ask the children to suggest some more to add to the lists.

Group using computers
  • Introduce the activity as above. Work through the screens together.
  • Ask a different child each time to read the rhyme to the group. Talk about the spelling patterns. Which letters are the same in each word?
  • Think of more words that rhyme with those in the lists. Notice whether children are thinking of real words or adding initial sounds at random.
  • If children need support, work through each screen together. Ask individuals to read each line of the rhyme and discuss which word fills the gap.
  • Allow confident children to work at their own pace. Ask individuals to read the rhymes aloud to you.
  • Praise children for working out new words independently.

Extension
Ask the children to work through the screens and make their own lists of rhyming words. Copy one of the rhymes from the screen and try to add a line to it.

Use to plan offline lessons
You can print each screen with the rhyme and word bank. Go to File - Print or printer icon or press control P. Enlarge the sheet to A3 for work with a class or group. There are twelve different screens, so you could print a variety of sheets for individual use. Ask the children to write the correct word in the gap in the rhyme.

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Online lesson plan

Objectives
NLS Year 1 Term
S1 to expect reading to make sense and check for sense if it does not, and to read aloud using expression appropriate to the grammar of the text.
T13 to substitute and extend patterns from reading through language play, e.g. by using same lines and introducing new words, extending rhyming or alliterative patterns, adding further rhyming words, lines.

Resources required
Online activity for The Cream Cake Mystery. Paper and pencils for extension activity.A rhyme the children already know.

Teaching activities
Introduction: Read or recite a rhyme that the children already know. Pause when you get to a rhyming word and let the children supply it. Write the rhyming words on the board and look at the letter patterns, e.g. wall, fall; Jill, hill. Think of some other words that would rhyme with the ones you have listed.
Class-work with an interactive white board:
  • Select 'The Cream Cake Mystery' Activity from the menu. Read the instructions and the rhyme together.
  • Read the list of rhyming words. What do you notice about them?
  • Read the first line of the rhyme again and ask a child to tell you which word fills the gap. Show them how to use the mouse to move the word into place.
  • Continue to complete the rhyme, asking children in turn to select and place the correct word. Which word was not used? Why was that?
  • Read out the completed rhyme. Check that it makes sense.
  • There are eight screens in all. Work through as many as you feel is appropriate.
  • List the rhyming words on a board each time to show the repeated letter patterns.
  • Think of some more words that could be added to each list.
  • Always read each rhyme through to hear the rhythm and the rhyme.

Group work using a computer for each child or each pair of children.
  • Work through the first screen together. Ask different children to say which word fills each gap before moving any words.
  • Read or listen to the complete rhyme together.
  • Ask the children to suggest other words that end in 'ake', e.g. take, lake, rake, shake, etc. Make a list on a board. Try to invent another line to add to the rhyme.
  • Ask the children to work at their own speed, but to read the whole rhyme before beginning to fill the gaps.
  • As the children work, ask them to read the rhymes on the screen to you. Remind the children that they do not have to fill the gaps in order. If the last line is easier, you can do that first.
  • Assess whether children are checking for sense. Are they aware which words rhyme? Allow children to work through as many of the screens as time allows.

Individual/paired work
When children know what to do, let them work at their own speed. Assess children's ability to select rhyming words that make sense in the rhyme.
Extension: Ask children to add an extras line to one of the poems.

Plenary
Ask the children which rhyming words they can remember, e.g. cream, dream; fun, bun. Add more words to each spelling pattern.

Suggested Homework:
Ask children to collect pairs of rhyming words. They can use nursery rhymes they know, or a poetry book, or ask an adult, try to find four or five pairs of rhyming words.

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How to use the printable worksheet

When to use this worksheet:
The worksheet is aimed at Year 1 children. They need to be able to recognise and notice words that rhyme. The activity is intended to help children to notice common spelling patterns in rhyming words.


With a class or group:
  • Say a well known rhyme in the wrong order, e.g. 'Humpty Dumpty on a wall sat, Humpty Dumpty a great fall had.' What should it be? How do you know when it is right?
  • Use a copy of the worksheet enlarged to A3. Read out the first word 'cat' on the worksheet.
  • Ask the children to look for other words that rhyme with 'cat' on the worksheet.
  • Repeat this process until all the words are divided up into rhyming word groups.
  • Read out each group of rhyming words. See if the class/group can write a rhyme together using these rhyming words.
  • If children have lots of ideas, work out several different rhymes.

For individual use
  • Read the first word 'cat' out loud and ask the child to find a word that rhymes with it.
  • Independently, ask the child to sort out all the words into rhyming groups.
  • Ask the child to see if they can write a rhyme with each group of rhyming words.
  • Assess children's ability to recognise when sentences makes sense and when words rhyme.

Extension:
encourage children to write their own short rhymes about themselves. Give the children an opportunity to read the rhymes they have made up.

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Off-line lesson plan

Objectives NLS Year 1 Term 2
S1 to expect reading to make sense and check for sense if it does not, and to read aloud using expression appropriate to the grammar of the text.
T13 to substitute and extend patterns from reading through language play, e.g. by using same lines and introducing new words, extending rhyming or alliterative patterns, adding further rhyming words, lines

Resources required
Online activity for The Cream Cake Mystery.
Printouts of 2 or 3 screens from the activity, (keyboard CTRL P) enlarged to A3.
An A3 copy of The Cream Cake Mystery work sheet.A copy of the worksheet for each child.

Teaching activities
Introduction: Write 'cake' on a board and ask the children to suggest rhyming words. Ask them to spell the words as you write them in a list. Ask for words that rhyme with 'sweet'. Write them yourself, pointing out that rhyming words do not always have the same spelling pattern, but they often do.

Teaching activities
Whole class:
  • Read the rhyme from one of the prints of the activity screen without showing the children. Ask them to suggest rhyming words to fill the gaps.
  • Look at the sheet and read the words given. Decide which word fills the first line, then the second and so on.
  • Look at your list of words that rhymed with cake. Can you make up another line to add to the poem? E.g. 'I saw her throw it in the lake.'
  • Write the extra line at the end of the poem. Ask the children to tell you how to spell the words.
  • Repeat this with another rhyme from the activity.
Group work with a teacher
  • Use an A3 copy of the worksheet. Read the instructions.
  • Ask a child to find two words that rhyme.
  • Repeat this process until all the words are in groups.
  • Ask them to use some of the rhyming words to write a simple rhyme.
  • Then, ask the children to think of a describing word that rhymes with the words at the bottom of the worksheet.
Individual work:
Give out the worksheets. Read the instructions together. Read out the first word on the worksheet. Ask them to look for the word that rhymes with this word.Independently, ask the children to place all the words into rhyming groups. Then, ask the children to think of a describing word that rhymes with the words at the bottom of the worksheet.

Extension: Ask them to make up a simple rhyme using the words on the worksheet or with any other rhyming words they may know.

Plenary
Ask different children to read the rhymes they invented. Praise them for rhyming and for using a rhythm.

Suggested Homework:
Ask children to make up a simple rhyme about themselves.

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