Listen to what Elin and Morgan said in this role-play, compare their answers and find out why an examiner would give Morgan a higher mark.
1. Pa fath o wyliau wyt ti’n hoffi?
- What kind of holiday do you like?
Dw i’n hoffi gwyliau yn yr haul achos mae’n ymlaciol. Dw i’n hoffi mynd i Sbaen.
I like holidays in the sun because it's relaxing. I like going to Spain.
Dw i’n mwynhau mynd ar wyliau antur gyda fy nheulu achos, yn fy marn i, mae e’n gyffrous iawn. Fel arfer rydyn ni’n mynd i Ffrainc i ddringo neu sgïo a rydyn ni’n cael llawer o hwyl. Weithiau, dw i’n beicio hefyd gyda fy nhad oherwydd rydyn ni’n mwynhau cadw’n heini. Mae’n bwysig iawn.
I enjoy going on adventure holidays with my family because, in my opinion, it's very exciting. Usually we go climbing or skiing to France and we have a lot of fun. Sometimes, I also cycle with my dad because we enjoy keeping fit. It's very important.
Elin chooses to answer using easy words and simple constructions. Morgan uses varied sentence patterns and vocabulary as well as using different tenses, not only in the first person. He makes his answer more interesting by giving more detail. Also, he uses connective words to make his work flow better.
2. Pa fath o wyliau dwyt ti ddim yn hoffi?
- What kind of holiday don't you like?
Dydw i ddim yn hoffi gwyliau antur achos dw i’n hoffi ymlacio. Dw i’n hoffi torheulo ar y traeth.
I don't like adventure holidays because I like relaxing. I like sunbathing on the beach.
Dydw i ddim yn hoff iawn o wyliau yn yr haul achos weithiau mae hi’n rhy boeth. A bod yn onest, dw i’n casáu torheulo achos mae’n beryglus iawn i’r iechyd a hefyd mae’n ddiflas dros ben yn fy marn i. Mae’n well gyda fi fod yn brysur a chael gwahanol brofiadau.
I'm not very fond of holidays in the sun because sometimes it's too hot. To be honest, I hate sunbathing because it's very dangerous to one's health and also it's extremely boring in my opinion. I prefer to be busy and have different experiences.
Again, Elin chooses to answer using easy words and simple constructions without varying her verbs. As well as using varied phrases, Morgan uses different verbs to express his dislike and also gives more information by saying what he prefers. This makes his work more interesting.
3. Ble est ti yn ystod gwyliau’r haf?
- Where did you go during the summer holidays?
Es i am wythnos i Alicante yn Sbaen efo fy nheulu. Arhosais i mewn gwesty wrth y môr.
I went to Alicante in Spain for a week with my family. I stayed in a hotel by the sea.
Llynedd, yn ystod gwyliau’r haf, es i i dde Ffrainc am bythefnos gyda fy nheulu a ffrindiau. Aethon ni mewn awyren ac yna llogon ni gar. Arhoson ni mewn villa mawr iawn tu allan i St Tropez. Roedd pwll nofio yn y villa a nofiais i bob dydd.
Last year, during the summer holidays, I went to the south of France for a fortnight with my family and friends. We went in an aeroplane and then we hired a car. We stayed in a big villa outside St Tropez. There was a swimming pool in the villa and I swam every day.
Elin uses the past tense in the first person. She gives some extra information. Morgan uses the past tense in the first person singular and plural, showing confidence in his Welsh. He also uses the imperfect tense to give us more information. Once again, his answer is interesting with varied phrases and rich vocabulary making it sound natural.
4. Beth wnest ti yno?
- What did you do there?
Nofiais i yn y pwll nofio efo fy chwaer. Torheulais i ar y traeth. Es i i Barcelona ar y dydd Llun efo fy mam. Bwytais i octopws! Roedd yn flasus.
I swam in the swimming pool with my sister. I sunbathed on the beach. I went to Barcelona on the Monday with my mum. I ate octopus! It was tasty.
Roedd llawer i wneud yn yr ardal, felly ar y diwrnod cyntaf aethon ni i’r traeth a syrffiais i. Roedd yn ardderchog. Wedyn aethon ni i fwyty wrth y môr a bwytais i fwyd môr blasus iawn. Mae’n arbennig yn yr ardal hon. Yn ystod yr wythnos gyntaf, nofiais i a chwaraeais i yn y pwll nofio bob dydd gyda fy ffrindiau. Hefyd, gwnes i chwaraeon dŵr fel syrffio gwynt a sgïo dŵr. Roeddwn i’n dda a mwynheuais i’n fawr iawn. Yn ystod yr ail wythnos, ymwelon ni â Marseilles ond doeddwn i ddim yn hoffi’r ddinas achos roedd hi’n rhy swnllyd a phrysur.
There was a lot to do in the area, so on the first day we went to the beach and I surfed. It was excellent. Then we went to a restaurant by the sea and I ate very tasty seafood. It's outstanding in this area. During the first week, I swam and I played in the swimming pool every day with my friends. Also, I did water sports like windsurfing and waterskiing. I was good and I enjoyed it very much. During the second week, we visited Marseilles but I didn't like the city because it was too noisy and busy.
Elin has given more information this time and uses the past tense correctly. However, Morgan tells us a lot more and makes his work interesting in terms of content, ideas and opinion. He uses connective words to link sentences naturally together and gives reasons for his opinions. His vocabulary is rich and relevant to the subject. He uses different tenses, time and person successfully.
5. Fwynheuaist ti’r gwyliau?
- Did you enjoy the holidays?
Mwynheuais i’r gwyliau achos, yn fy marn i, roedd yn hwyl a diddorol.
I enjoyed the holidays because, in my opinion, it was fun and interesting.
Ces i amser ffantastig. Roedd St Tropez a’r ardal yn hyfryd achos roedd llawer i wneud yno, fel chwaraeon dŵr. Yn ogystal â hyn, roeddwn i’n hoffi’r villa achos roedd yn fawr iawn a roedd y pwll nofio yn wych. Roedd y tywydd yn braf iawn ond ddim yn rhy boeth felly gwnes i lawer o wahanol bethau a dw i’n hoff iawn o fod yn brysur. Mwynheuodd fy nheulu hefyd achos maen nhw’n mwynhau gwyliau prysur fel fi. Hoffwn i fynd yn ôl i dde Ffrainc eto er mwyn gwneud mwy o chwaraeon dŵr ac ati.
I had a fantastic time. St Tropez and the area was beautiful because there was a lot to do there, like water sports. In addition to this, I liked the villa because it was very big and the swimming pool was great. The weather was very pleasant but it wasn't too hot so I did a lot of different things and I'm very fond of being busy. My family also enjoyed it because they enjoy busy holidays like me. I'd like to go back to the south of France again in order to do more water sports etc.
Elin gives a very short answer with a simple reason whereas Morgan extends his answer and gives full, valid reasons for his opinions. He uses different tenses again and uses the third person. His answer develops sensibly and shows order and progression. Again, his use of vocabulary is very good.
6. I ble hoffet ti fynd ar dy wyliau flwyddyn nesaf?
- Where would you like to go on holiday next year?
Hoffwn i fynd i Ffrainc achos dw i eisiau mynd i Baris. Hefyd, hoffwn i fynd i’r Caribî achos mae’r traethau yn neis iawn.
I'd like to go to France because I want to go to Paris. Also, I'd like to go to the Caribbean because the beaches are very nice.
Yn ddelfrydol, hoffwn i fynd i Efrog Newydd yn America er mwyn gweld yr atyniadau diddorol, fel yr Empire State Building, y tacsis melyn a Times Square. Dw i’n hoffi gwylio Efrog Newydd mewn ffilmiau a rhaglenni teledu achos mae’n edrych yn ddiddorol iawn, felly hoffwn i gael profiad o’r ddinas. Mae diddordeb gyda fi mewn dinasoedd mawr, felly basai Efrog Newydd yn berffaith.
Ideally, I'd like to go to New York in America in order to see the interesting attractions, like the Empire State Building, the yellow taxis and Times Square. I like watching New York in films and television programmes because it looks very interesting, so I'd like to experience the city. I'm interested in large cities, so New York would be perfect.
Elin gives a better answer than usual here and gives more detail, although she doesn’t extend her answer which would give her the opportunity to use more phrases and structures as well as making it more interesting. Jake does this and is very successful. He always answers as fully as possible by using rich vocabulary, different tenses, varied phrases and valid reasons to support his opinions.
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