Welsh Second Language

An Area

This Revision Bite will help you have a conversation about an area.

Warm-up exercise

Conversation simulation: An Area

Example answers with expert's comments

Listen to what Elin and Morgan said in this role-play, compare their answers and find out why an examiner would give Morgan a higher mark.

1. Ble wyt ti’n byw? - Where do you live?

girl with long red hair

Elin says:

  • Dw i’n byw yn Abergele efo fy nheulu.

  • I live in Abergele with my family.
boy wearing a blue hooded top

Morgan says:

  • Dw i’n un deg chwech oed a dw i’n byw yn ne Cymru mewn tref eitha mawr o’r enw Pontypridd gyda fy nheulu - fy mam, fy llys-dad a fy mrawd.

  • I'm 16 and I live in south Wales in quite a big town called Pontypridd with my family - my mum, my step-dad and my brother.
  • Elin gives a simple answer whereas Morgan gives more information by saying exactly where he lives, making good use of vocabulary and grammar to give more detail. This is a very simple question, but the answer needn’t be! You can always make your answer more interesting and show off your Welsh, even to the simplest of questions.

2. Wyt ti’n hoffi’r ardal? - Do you like the area?

girl with long red hair

Elin says:

  • Ydw, achos mae fy nheulu a ffrindiau yma, ond weithiau mae’n rhy dawel.

  • Yes, because my family and friends are here, but sometimes it's too quiet.
boy wearing a blue hooded top

Morgan says:

  • Ydw a nac ydw! Ar un llaw, mae Pontypridd yn neis iawn achos mae llawer o fwytai, canolfan hamdden a sinema. Ond, ar y llaw arall, does dim llawer i wneud i bobl ifanc felly mae’n achosi problemau yn yr ardal achos mae’n ddiflas. Yn fy marn i, mae Pontypridd yn dda i hen bobl ond hoffwn i gael mwy o glybiau i bobl ifanc yr ardal.

  • Yes and no! On the one hand, Pontypridd is very nice because there are lots of restaurants, a leisure centre and a cinema. But, on the other hand, there isn't enough for young people to do so it causes problems in the area because it's boring. In my opinion, Pontypridd is good for old people but I'd like to have more clubs for young people in the area.
  • Elin has answered the question and has expressed her opinion but she has not given any reasons to support that opinion. Morgan has given a full answer, leaving no doubt as to his opinion about the area. You should always aim to answer a question so fully that no more questions can be asked of you! Using a good variety of phrases and structures will ensure that you say more and vice versa. Your content and expression go hand in hand.

3. Beth sydd yn dy ardal di? - What is in your area?

girl with long red hair

Elin says:

  • Yn fy ardal i mae canolfan hamdden, traeth, pwll nofio, canolfan siopa a sinema. Hefyd, mae bowlio deg a clybiau nos. Dw i’n hoffi bowlio a mynd i’r sinema efo ffrindiau.

  • In my area there's a leisure centre, a beach, a swimming pool, a shopping centre and a cinema. Also, there's ten-pin bowling and nightclubs. I like bowling and going to the cinema with friends.
boy wearing a blue hooded top

Morgan says:

  • Ym Mhontypridd, mae canolfan hamdden fach a llawer o fwytai. Ond, yn anffodus, does dim cyfleusterau i bobl ifanc fel bowlio deg neu rinc sglefrio, felly mae’n rhaid i ni fynd i Gaerdydd, prifddinas Cymru. Es i i’r sinema yng Nghaerdydd ar y penwythnos gyda fy ffrind Matthew a roedd yn hwyl ond mae’n ddrud iawn ar y bws. Ar y cyfan, mae Pontypridd yn eitha neis ond hoffwn i fyw mewn dinas.

  • In Pontypridd, there's a small leisure centre and lots of restaurants. But, unfortunately, there are no opportunities for young people like ten-pin bowling or a skating rink, so we have to go to Cardiff, the capital of Wales. I went to the cinema in Cardiff at the weekend with my friend Matthew and it was fun but it's very expensive on the bus. On the whole, Pontypridd is quite nice but I'd like to live in a city.
  • Once again, Elin has answered simply, giving a list of what's in the area and using few linking words and phrases. She has added more information by saying what she likes doing, which is good but is not enough. Morgan has used adjectives to give more detail about the things in his area and to create a more purposeful mood. He has also made use of some good phrases to make his work more authentic. He has given positives and negatives and has elaborated by giving more information and by using different tenses.

4. Beth hoffet ti gael yn dy ardal di? - What would you like to have in your area?

girl with long red hair

Elin says:

  • Hoffwn i gael rinc sglefrio iâ achos mae’n hwyl.

  • I'd like to have an ice-skating rink because it's fun.
boy wearing a blue hooded top

Morgan says:

  • Hoffwn i gael mwy o bethau i bobl ifanc fel clwb ieuenctid da i gymdeithasu gyda ffrindiau, sinema aml-sgrîn a bowlio deg. Hefyd, hoffwn i gael stadiwm yn y dref achos dw i wrth fy modd yn gwylio pêl-droed a hefyd mae’n grêt gwylio cyngerdd pop neu roc achos dw i’n mwynhau gwrando ar fiwsig.

  • I'd like to have more things for young people like a good youth club to socialise with friends, a multiscreen cinema and ten-pin bowling. Also, I'd like to have a stadium in the town because I love watching football and also it's great to watch a pop or rock concert because I enjoy listening to music.
  • Elin has used the conditional tense hoffwn and has given a simple reason. Morgan has given more examples of what he would like and has given valid reasons, making his work more interesting. His reasons are written well and with a variety of verbs and linking words.

5. Ble hoffet ti fyw? - Where would you like to live?

girl with long red hair

Elin says:

  • Hoffwn i fyw mewn dinas achos weithiau mae Abergele yn rhy dawel.

  • I'd like to live in a city because sometimes Abergele is too quiet.
boy wearing a blue hooded top

Morgan says:

  • Pan dw i’n gadael yr ysgol, dw i eisiau byw mewn dinas fawr gyda ffrindiau. Hoffwn i fyw yn Llundain neu Lerpwl achos mae llawer o bethau i wneud drwy’r amser yno fel siopa, gwylio pêl-droed, mynd i’r theatr, bwyta allan, cymdeithasu mewn gwahanol glybiau a gwylio cyngerdd.

  • When I leave school, I want to live in a big city with friends. I'd like to live in London or Liverpool because there are lots of things to do there all the time, like shopping, watching football, going to the theatre, eating out, socialising in different clubs and watching a concert.
  • Again, Elin gives a valid reason but fails to expand on her answer by giving more information. Morgan gives his answer clearly and expands on it by giving good examples using good vocabulary. When listing things, aim to include adjectives to make it more interesting.

6. Beth wyt ti'n hoffi orau - byw yn y wlad neu byw yn y dref? - What do you prefer - living in the country or living in town?

girl with long red hair

Elin says:

  • Dw i’n hoffi mynd i’r wlad, ond mae’n well gen i fyw yn y dref achos mae’n ddiddorol.

  • I like going to the country, but I prefer living in town because it's interesting.
boy wearing a blue hooded top

Morgan says:

  • Dw i’n byw mewn tref ac, yn fy marn i, mae’n well na byw yn y wlad achos mae’n ddiddorol gyda mwy o bethau i wneud. Ond, a bod yn onest, mae’r ddinas yn well na’r dref achos mae’r ddinas yn brysur a mae digon i wneud drwy’r amser.

  • I live in a town and, in my opinion, it's better than living in the country because it's interesting with more things to do. But, to be honest, the city's better than the town because the city's busy and there's enough to do all the time.
  • Elin’s sentence is good because she uses quite a complicated structure, but once again Morgan extends his answer by talking about personal experiences to make his work more valid and he uses a good variety of vocabulary and sentence patterns to make his work more interesting.

Success Criteria

Below is a table showing Elin and Morgan's success criteria.

Language patternsMorganElin
Express opinions fairly confidentlyYesYes
Communicate easily and successfully on the wholeYesYes
Good vocabularyYesYes
Sufficient in terms of content, ideas and opinion YesYes
Interesting in terms of content, ideas and opinionYes-
Sufficient reasons to support opinionYes-
Creative and personal work that succeeds to sustain interestYes-
Varied vocabulary using different adjectives and verbsYes-
Use variety of phrases and sentence structuresYes-

Conversation simulation: dialogue

File

Full script (PDF file 128kb)

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Conversation simulation: answering questions

Conversation simulation: asking questions

Translation and hints

QuestionsHints
  • 1. Beth wyt ti eisiau gwneud heno?
  • What do you want to do tonight?
Aim to answer in a full sentence, using either dw i eisiau or even hoffwn i. Try to give a reason for wanting to do what you say in order to make your work more interesting and to satisfy the marking criteria.
  • 2. Does dim i’w wneud i bobl ifanc yn yr ardal. Wyt ti’n cytuno?
  • There’s nothing for young people to do in the area. Do you agree?
Instead of simply answering yes or no, ensure that you elaborate by expressing your opinion and talking about your personal experience. Say what there is in your area for young people, and what there isn’t. Say how this affects you and your friends and how you would like to solve any problems. Using hoffwn i, say what things you'd like to have for young people in the area.
  • 3. Beth hoffet ti gael yn yr ardal?
  • What would you like to have in the area?
Try not to give just a list here, use adjectives to give more of a description of what you want and also aim to give reasons for wanting the things you want, eg Hoffwn i gael sinema mawr, achos dw i’n mwynhau gwylio ffimiau arswyd gyda fy ffrindiau. Mae’n llawer o hwyl!
  • 4. Wyt ti’n hoffi mynd i’r ganolfan hamdden?
  • Do you like going to the leisure centre?
If you answer yes, then say who you go with, when you go and what you like to do there and why. Give a good reason. If your answer is no, then say why and explain what you prefer to do, giving reasons.
  • 5. Gyda pwy est ti?
  • Who did you go with?
Aim to give details of who you went with. Give their names and say something about them.
  • 6. Ble mae dy ffrindiau’n byw?
  • Where do your friends live?
Put the third person to good use here by not only saying where your friends live, but also to say something about them.
  • 7. Wyt ti wedi bod yn Stadiwm y Mileniwm?
  • Have you been to the Millennium Stadium?
If you answer yes to going somewhere, say when, who you went with and why you went. Try to be automatic in expressing your opinion about what it was like. If you answer no to having been somewhere, say why not or make it known if you'd like to go there. You could talk about somewhere else that you’ve been to. But remember to say when, why, who you went with and whether you enjoyed it.
  • 8. Fwynheuaist ti?
  • Did you enjoy it?
Here is where you get the opportunity to express opinion and use the imperfect tense. Give your opinion using relevant phrases but don’t forget to give valid reasons to support your opinion.

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