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Science

Organisms in their environment

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Animals and plants have features that allow them to adapt to their environment. The organisms in a community compete with each other for limited resources, including water and space. Plants also compete with each other for light and minerals.

Ecological words

Several words are used to describe organisms in their environment.

The meaning of some common words used to describe organisms

wordmeaning
environment all the conditions that surround a living organism
habitat the place where an organism lives
population all the members of a single species that live in a habitat
community all the populations of different organisms that live together in a habitat
ecosystema community and its habitat

 

For example, a pond ecosystem consists of a pond habitat, inhabited by aquatic plants, waterside plants, micro-organisms, minnows and herons. The organisms together make up a community of living things.

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Back to Evolution and environment index

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