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Science

Drugs

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Performance-enhancing drugs

Athletes are often under great pressure to perform well. Some drugs are capable of artificially improving their performance; these include:

  • stimulants – these boost heart rate and other body functions
  • anabolic steroids – these stimulate the growth of muscles.

Some of these drugs are banned by law. Others are legally available on prescription or even in some medicines available from the pharmacy. However, the use of performance enhancing drugs is widely seen as unfair. They may also damage the athlete’s body.

Sporting regulations ban the use of performance enhancing drugs, and athletes are regularly tested to make sure that they are not using them.

Note that you do not need to know for your exam how performance-enhancing drugs work.

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Back to The use and abuse of drugs index

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