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Diabetes

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People with diabetes cannot control blood glucose concentration properly. Type 1 diabetes is treated using insulin injections, and type 2 diabetes is controlled through diet and exercise.

Control of blood sugar

It is important that the concentration of glucoseglucose: A simple sugar made by the body from food, which is used by cells to make energy in respiration, which is a type of sugar, in the blood stays at a near constant level. There are serious consequences if blood sugar concentration goes outside a narrow range.

The consequences are that:

  • too little glucose causes confusion, unconsciousness, even coma
  • too much glucose causes exhaustion and blurred vision

Processed foods often contain a lot of sugar. This is absorbed easily in the digestive system, causing a rapid increase in the blood glucose level. Insulin is a hormonehormone: chemical messengers produced in glands and carried by the blood to specific organs in the body produced by the pancreas that reduces the blood glucose level, ensuring that it remains within narrow limits.

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