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Religious Studies

Sikhism: beliefs about creation and evolution

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Most of the world’s religions have produced theories as to how the world was created and how people and animals came to be here. Usually these take the form of creation stories in the sacred books of the religions concerned.

The origins of the universe

Sikhism is based on the idea of the ‘Oneness of Creation’. Sikhs believes the universe was made by Waheguru (God) who created the earth and all forms of life on it.

Before the creation there was no earth, no sky, no sun and no life. Only Waheguru existed until he decided to create the world. Then Waheguru created everything by a single word:

Waheguru spoke once and there was creation.

Waheguru is responsible for all of creation and everything in and on the earth belongs to Waheguru. Waheguru is in charge of all life and without his hukam (will) nothing can exist, change or develop.

Since creating the world Waheguru has cared for it he looks after it and protects it.

Waheguru is in charge and causes the birth, life and death of everything. There is no single aspect of the earth which Waheguru does not care for. Sikhism believes that all creatures lead their lives under the rule of Waheguru.

Even creatures in rocks and stones are well provided for. Birds who fly thousands of miles away leaving their young ones behind know that they would be sustained and taught to fend for themselves by God.

Guru Arjan

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