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Religious Studies

Judaism: beliefs about creation and evolution

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Most of the world’s religions have produced theories as to how the world was created and how people and animals came to be here. Usually these take the form of creation stories in the sacred books of the religions concerned.

The origins of the universe

For Judaism, the stories of the Creation are found in the first two chapters of the book of Genesis in the Torah. They show how G-d created the world in six days and rested on the seventh.

In the beginning G-d created the heavens and the earth.

Genesis 1:1

After creating the earth, the sky, the seas and plants, G-d made birds and fish on the fifth day and animals and humans on the sixth day.

So G-d created man in his own image, in the image of G-d he created him; male and female he created them.

Genesis 1:27

Some Jews take this account very literally and believe that this is exactly how the world was created.

The Jewish calendar starts with the year 1 dated from the creation of the world in the book of Genesis. 1 Tishrei 1 AM (anno mundi), is equivalent to Monday, October 7, 3761 BCE. 1st January 2008 is 23 Tevet 5768.

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