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Physical Education

Treating sports injuries

Assess how bad the injury is by the signs and symptoms displayed by the individual. Treatment for injuries differs according to the type of damage.

This Revision Bite covers several treatment types, including the dressing of open wounds, the DRABC checklist for concussion, and Mouth-to-Mouth Ventilation (MMV) for resuscitation. For reducing swelling, pain and bleeding in injuries to soft tissues, remember the acronym RICE: Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.

Treating sports injuries

Bone and joint injuries

Tennis player's leg injury is examined

Some injuries have visible signs

Assess injury by considering:

  • signs - what you can see
  • symptoms - what the sufferer feels

Fractures and dislocations


  • swelling
  • unusual shape or deformity
  • signs of shock (pale, clammy skin)


  • tenderness at the site (fracture)
  • 'sickening' pain (dislocation)
  • nausea [Nausea: A sick feeling in the stomach. ]

Fractures and dislocations are serious injuries. In all cases where a fracture or dislocation is suspected move the sufferer as little as possible, support the injured part and seek medical advice.

Back to Safety and risk index

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