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Physical Education

Age, psychological factors and technology (AQA)

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Technology

Physiological [Physiological : Relating to functions and life processes in the body. ] and psychological [Psychological: Relating to the mind, eg mental attitude and personality. ] factors have an impact on performance, but the use of technology is becoming increasingly significant.

Technological advances are continuing to improve performance. Examples include:

Close up of athlete's running spikes

Specialist footwear can improve performance

Equipment

  • New materials and design used in tennis rackets, skis, footballs, javelins, bicycles etc improve control, speed and distance.
  • Specialist clothing and footwear, including heat-reducing and lightweight materials and hydrodynamic full-body swimming suits, improve speed and endurance.

Facilities

  • All-weather surfaces, better drainage and roofed stadiums produce better playing conditions.
  • Safety improvements in gymnastics training, including landing areas and harnesses, encourage greater skill development.

ICT in training and coaching

  • Use of video and statistical analysis helps identify areas for improvement and focuses coaching to improve performance [performance: how a textile performs in use - eg water proof or hardwearing. ] more effectively.
  • Fitness monitoring equipment analyses key physiological [Physiological : Relating to functions and life processes in the body. ] factors and helps with the planning of effective training [Training: A planned programme which uses scientific principles to improve performance, skill, game ability and physical fitness. ].

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