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Physical Education

Muscles and movement

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Muscle tone and posture

Muscle tone can be seen when muscles are in a state of slight tension and they are ready for action. Regular training tones muscles and helps to create good posture [Posture: The way you hold your body in position. ]. In addition, muscles will hypertrophy (increase in size) and develop better endurance [Endurance: The ability to work hard for long periods of time. ].

Muscle tone developed by regular exercise makes daily tasks such as shopping and gardening easier. It also helps to prevent injury as good posture reduces the strain on muscles, tendons and ligaments.

A tennis player hits a forehand shot

Good posture is important to tennis players. Photo courtesy of David Wuertele

Good posture helps with sporting performance as special positions are often crucial to success, eg the position throughout the golf swing.

People with good posture also feel better about themselves. An upright body position is often a sign of self confidence. People who are less confident will sometimes show this in their body language, for example by adopting a slouched posture.

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