R 'n' B, Hip-hop
R 'n' B emerged in America during the late 1980s with artists such as Janet Jackson and Whitney Houston.
It is sometimes known as urban R 'n' B. It is not to be confused with earlier R&B (rhythm and blues), a style of black American music combining jazz and blues which emerged in the 1940s.
Urban R 'n' B combines elements of soul and hip-hop. It often uses:
Close harmony is where the notes of a chord are close together rather than spread over a wide range.
R 'n' B is characterised by soul-influenced acrobatic vocals. The vocals are often:
Contemporary R 'n' B artists include Rihanna.
Listen to 'Stay' by Eternal. Notice the melismatic vocals and the use of programmed drum rhythms.
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