House music takes its name from Chicago's Warehouse club where, in the 1980s, DJ Frankie Knuckles manipulated records, lengthening, repeating and emphasising different sections. He also added pre-set percussion patterns to emphasise the solid beats which soon defined house music. House music is characterised by:
Listen to 'Move your body' by Marshall Jefferson. Notice the four-on-the-floor bass drum and the piano chord riffs.
Drum 'n' bass often:
Jungle is sometimes used to refer to drum 'n' bass music generally.
Garage uses house loops combined with deep synthesized bass lines. Tempo: usually around 120 bpm.
Trance is an offshoot of techno but with more emphasis on harmony and with much use of synthesizers. Tempo: usually around 120-150 bpm.
Ambient music is played in 'chill-out' rooms where clubbers go to relax. It is:
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