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Finding the relative minor

All major keys have a relative minor. To find this, just count down three semitones (count to the left). For example, the relative minor of C is A minor.

Harmonic minors will use the relative major key signature and will raise the 7th note of the scale (eg in A harmonic minor there are no sharps or flats other than the raised 7th of G#). Melodic minor scales will use the harmonic version ascending and will adhere to the relative major key signature on the way back down.

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