Bitesize has changed! We're updating subjects as fast as we can. Visit our new site to find Bitesize guides and clips - and tell us what you think!
Print

Music

Melody

Hooks, fills and breaks

  • A hook is a short catchy melodic idea designed to be instantly memorable.
  • A fill is a short flourish used to fill a gap between phrases and is often played on drums.
  • A break is an extended instrumental section in dance music or a solo in pop and jazz, usually improvised.

Sequences

A sequence is a pattern of notes which goes up or down in pitch every time it is repeated. Here is a simple rising sequence. The first four notes set the pattern, which is then repeated over and over, each time higher in pitch.

Back to Elements of music index

BBC navigation

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.