Rounding and estimating
Sometimes, rather than rounding off to the nearest whole number, you might need to be a little more accurate. You might need to include some of the digits after the decimal point.
In these cases, we can round off the number up to a certain number of decimal places.
Do not confuse this with rounding off using significant figures, as this is slightly different!
The same rules for rounding up apply here:
Write 2.6470588 to 2 decimal places (dp).
Did you get the answer 2.65? You needed to round up. We want 2 decimal places.
Look at the 2nd decimal digit.
The 2nd decimal digit is 4. So the number lies between 2.64 and 2.65
Look at the next digit.
The next digit is 7, so we have to round up. So the answer is 2.65 (2 dp).
On a calculator, work out , giving your answer correct to one decimal place.
On a calculator, work out = 7.874007874...
We need one decimal place. That means one number after the decimal point. The 1st number after the decimal point is 8. This means the answer lies between 7.8 and 7.9. The next digit is 7. This means we have to round up.
So the answer is = 7.9 to 1 dp.
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