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You need to know this:

  • Left wing – people who want to change things, often extremists; Communists (KPD)
  • Right wing – people who want to keep things the way they are or become more extreme, the Nazis (NSDAP)
  • Both sides were against the Weimar Republic.

Make sure that you also understand this:

What made the Weimar Republic so unpopular?

  • Losing the First World War
  • Signing the Treaty of Versailles
  • Democracy was new
  • Poverty and starvation after the war

Who was against the Weimar Republic?

  • Communists (KPD)
  • Nazis (NSDAP)
  • Civil workers
  • Judges
  • The police
  • The army

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar Republic constitution?

Article 48Decisions could be made quickly in emergencies.It could be misused to form a dictatorship and become non-democratic.
Proportional representationVoting system based on fairnessMade it easier for small parties to be formed, therefore made it difficult to win a majority to form a government. This resulted in coalition governments.


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