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History

Changing life in Germany

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How did Nazi political policy affect life in Germany?

The use of propaganda and censorship

The Nazis made sure that the German people supported them by using propaganda.

How did the Nazis use propaganda and censorship?

How did the Nazis use propaganda and censorship?

Goebbels and propaganda

The purpose of propaganda was to condition and convince people, and get them to believe in the values and ideas of the Nazis.

The Nazis' propaganda messages

  • The purity of the race (Aryan)
  • The greatness of Germany
  • The Führer cult

1933 – The Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda was established under Joseph Goebbels.

Misinformation

  • propaganda based on rumours
  • chain letters
  • rewriting textbooks to containt Nazi ideas

The use of rallies, the radio and the cinema

Rallies

Crowds would gather to watch Hitler speaking at the annual rally in Nuremberg. Hitler would express his ideas in a simple way, repeating them over and over.

Between the rallies, local branches of the SA or Hitler Youth groups would campaign to raise money for the party, eg single-dish Sunday. This meant cooking Sunday lunch in one dish and giving the money they save by doing this to collectors, who would come and collect the money in the afternoon.

The radio

Radio sets were being mass-produced, therefore they were cheap. As a result, around 70 per cent of German households had a radio set, namely the 'People's Receiver'.

1932 – 4.5 million radios

1938 – Loudspeakers placed on posts in the streets in many cities

1942 – 16 million radios. There were radios in cafes and in factories so that people could listen to important broadcasts wherever they were.

The cinema

  • In 1933, 250 million people went to the cinema.
  • 100 films were produced each year.
  • News from the Nazis was broadcast before the films, which were also chosen by the Nazis.

Censorship of newspapers and the arts

Newspapers were censored.

1935 - 1,600 newspapers were closed down

1938 - 10,000 publications disappear

Around 2,500 textbooks by unreliable authors were burnt in public.

Berlin students burned 20,000 books by Jews and Communists in 1933.

Music was controlled. Jazz was banned, as well as the jitterburg dance, as they had been invented by black people.

Germany lost many talented authors and musicians, eg Thomas Mann and Bertolt Brecht. On the other hand, Strauss and Wagner were very popular.

1934 – The Malicious Gossip Law – telling an Anti-Nazi joke was a crime, leading to a fine or imprisonment.

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