The rise of the Nazi Party and its consolidation of power
30 January - Hindenburg appoints Hitler as Chancellor but:
4 February - Every party and every public meeting banned from criticizing the Nazi Government.
27 February - The Reichstag Fire. Marinus van der Lubbe arrested. The Nazis blame the Communists – according to the Nazis, the fire was a Communist plot to destroy the government. Hindenburg announces additional powers – The Law for the Protection of the People and the State.
28 February - Suspension of all civil rights and personal freedom. Political prisoners can be held in custody indefinitely, without a hearing. By April, 25,000 political prisoners in Prussia alone.
5 March - The Nazi Party wins 43.9 per cent of the vote, which equates to 288 seats in the Reichstag. Hitler forms a coalition with the National Party (8 per cent). The Communist party wins 81 seats.
5-9 March - The Nazis gain power in the Lander province.
20 March - Himmler establishes the first concentration camp, in Dachau.
23 March - The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act. Hitler had to persuade at least 91 members to vote in favour of the act.
As a result, 444 members voted, which was just over two-thirds of members. Only 94 voted against him. What does this show? Not everyone supported the Nazis. 'Gleichschaltung' means bringing into line.
31 March - Every provincial parliament is shut down. They are reorganised to have the same constitution as the Reichstag – the Nazis are therefore in control.
7 April - Managers appointed for each province - they are all members of the Nazi party. They are given the right to appoint and dismiss officers.
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