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What was life like in medieval times, and how did this affect medical knowledge? Find out in this video.

Medieval civilisation

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Key points

  • 5th Century AD - Europe developed into small fiefdoms, each governed by a local lord.
  • This division meant that knowledge spread slowly, as communication was difficult and dangerous.
  • Academic knowledge was held by the monasteries. There were no universities, and very few common people could read or write. Most people were extremely superstitious.
  • After 1066 - universities were established, and trade and communications developed - especially by sea.
  • However, knowledge about medicine had stagnated. Knowledge was lost when the Roman Empire collapsed. There was a lack of resources to build public health systems.

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