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The civil war

Creation of the Soviet Union

You will also need to know about the creation of the Soviet Union.

  • After winning the civil war, as the Bolsheviks captured the different areas of the former Russian Empire, they organised them into socialist republics governed by a soviet eg the Ukraine.
  • In 1922, Lenin organised these into a united state - the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
  • In 1924, the USSR agreed a constitution - each Republic sent representatives to a Congress of Soviets in Moscow. The Central Executive Committee of the Congress became the supreme governing body of the state, and the members of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee ran the government in between meetings of the Congress.
  • Only one party was allowed - the Communist Party.

Back to Russia/USSR 1905 - 1941 index

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