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History

Video

After the Second World War, Soviet influence spread across Eastern Europe. Find out how in this video.

Soviet power in Eastern Europe

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Key points

  • Stalin wanted a buffer-zone of friendly states around Russia to stop any future invasions.
  • As the Soviet army drove the Nazis back through eastern Europe, Communist governments were set up in 'liberated' countries.
  • These governments controlled the army, set up a secret police force, and began arresting opponents. Non-Communists were beaten and executed.
  • 1946 - Churchill said that an 'iron curtain' had come down across Europe.
  • 1947 - Stalin set up Cominform - an alliance of Communist countries.

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