The Prague Spring
Causes and effects of the Prague Spring
Causes of the Prague Spring
- The policy of détente encouraged the uprising. Romania had also broken free of Russian control, and was improving relations with the West.
- The Czechs hated Russian control, especially:
- Russian control of the economy, which had made Czechoslovakia poor.
- The censorship and lack of freedom.
- Some Czechs thought the USA would help them.
Effects of the invasion of Czechoslovakia
- Czechoslovakia returned to communist control and Russian troops were stationed there. Half the leadership of the KSC, along with the directors of many firms (especially publishing companies) were sacked and 47 anti-communists were arrested.
- Russia stayed in control behind the Iron Curtain. The Brezhnev Doctrine stated that Iron Curtain countries would not be allowed to abandon communism, "even if it meant a third world war".
- Increase of the Cold War. People in the West were horrified and so were many communist countries, especially Romania and Yugoslavia.
Back to The Cold War index