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In 1962, the world almost came to a nuclear holocaust. Find out how in this video.

Causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis

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Key points

  • 1959 - Fidel Castro took power in Cuba. He nationalised American companies in Cuba.
  • In retaliation the US stopped all aid to Cuba, and all imports of Cuban sugar. Castro asked the Soviet Union for help and they became trading partners. Castro became a communist.
  • April 1961 - the CIA trained, armed and transported 1,300 Cuban exiles to invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. They failed and Kennedy was humiliated.
  • October 1962 - American spy planes discovered suspected Soviet missile sites in Cuba.
  • America had missiles in turkey, in range of the Soviet Union. It was the start of a crisis that took the world to the brink of a nuclear holocaust.

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