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The Berlin Wall came to symbolise all that was bad about Soviet rule, but why was it built? Find out in this video.

The Berlin Wall

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Key points

  • Nearly 2,000 refugees were escaping from impoverished East Germany, to West Berlin every day.
  • West Berlin was a centre for US espionage.
  • Vienna Summit 1961 - Khrushchev demanded that the US leave West Berlin within 6 months. They refused.
  • 13th August 1961 - Khrushchev closed the border between East and West Berlin, and started building the Berlin wall.

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