The 1923 crisis began when Germany missed a reparations payment. This situation spiralled out of control and once again the German people were unhappy and in financial difficulty, so uprisings occurred throughout the country.
In 1923 the Weimar Republic nearly collapsed. Put the events in the correct order to see how the situation escalated out of control.
The sudden flood of paper money into the economy, on top of the general strike - which meant that no goods were manufactured, so there was more money, chasing fewer goods - combined with a weak economy ruined by the war, all resulted in hyperinflation.
Prices ran out of control - eg a loaf of bread, which cost 250 marks in January 1923 had risen to 200,000 million marks in November 1923. German's currency became worthless.
Some people used money as fuel.
There are lots of almost amusing stories about people's wages and examples of just how fast inflation pushed prices up during the crisis:
People collected their wages in suitcases.
One person, who left their suitcase unattended, found that a thief had stolen the suitcase but not the money.
One boy, who was sent to buy two bread buns, stopped to play football and by the time he got to the shop, the price had gone up, so he could only afford to buy one.
One father set out for Berlin to buy a pair of shoes. When he got there, he could only afford a cup of coffee and the bus fare home.
Some people made fortunes during the crisis. One man borrowed money to buy a herd of cattle, but soon after paid back his loan by selling one cow.
People on wages were safe, because they renegotiated their wages every day.
Pensioners on fixed incomes and people with savings were the most badly hit. One woman sold her house with the intention of using the money to live on. A few weeks later, the money wasn't even enough to buy a loaf of bread.
Unsurprisingly, the hardships created by hyperinflation led to many uprisings as groups struggled to take power from Weimar.
A nationalist group called Black Reichswehr rebelled in Berlin.
A fascist group called the Nazis attempted a putsch [Putsch: A small revolt against a government. ] in Munich.
Communists took over the governments of Saxony and Thuringia
Communists also took over the Rhineland and declared it independent.
Revision tip and answer preparation
Remember that a question about how the events of 1923 affected the German people will need a very different answer to a question about what happened in Germany in 1923.
As part of your revision, think about the arguments and facts you would use to explain:
Why there was a crisis in Germany in 1923.
Why Germany suffer hyperinflation in 1923.
How hyperinflation affected Germany in 192
How close the Weimar Republic came to collapse in 1923.
Important: think carefully about what the question is asking before you answer. A question on why hyperinflation happened, or even how it affected people, will need a very different answer to a question on what hyperinflation was.