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German

Verbs in the perfect tense

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In your Writing Controlled Assessment you may have to write about work and work experience. The pages that follow include useful vocabulary and opportunities to practise using verbs in the perfect tense with sein or haben.

Choosing between 'sein' and 'haben'

The following rules will help you decide whether to use sein or haben when using the perfect tense:

  • If a verb has to do with going or arriving anywhere, it is very likely to use sein.
  • If a verb is about changing from one way of being to another, eg getting up from lying down, it is likely to use sein.
  • If a verb has a direct effect on something else, it is likely to use haben.

In German textbooks, a starred (*) verb uses sein.

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