Geography

Climate

Climate is the average weather conditions in a particular place. It has great influence on the vegetation and wildlife of an area. Watch this video to find out more.

Video

In order to see this content you need to have both Javascript enabled and Flash installed. Visit BBC Webwise for full instructions

Key points

  • Weather is the conditions right here, right now.
  • Climate is the average weather conditions expected for a certain place.
  • Climates are influenced by many factors, such as proximity to the equator and the poles.
  • Oceans heat up and cool down much slower than land, so coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than inland areas.
  • Another factor affecting climate is the prevailing wind which is the most frequent wind direction a location experiences.
  • Climate influences the type of vegetation and animals that live there. The world can be divided into climatic zones or biomes, each with its own climate, vegetation and wildlife.

All Geography videos

Weather and climate index

BBC navigation

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.