Geography

Urbanisation in MEDCs

Urbanisation can cause problems like congestion, lack of housing and environmental degradation. Watch this video to find out more.

Video

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Key points

  • Urbanisation is an increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas. It can cause a number of problems such as congestion, lack of housing and environmental degradation.
  • More people are choosing to live on the edge of urban areas, with many actually relocating to the countryside. This is called counter-urbanisation.
  • Counter-urbanisation can cause congestion, as many people drive to the city every day. This is made worse because roads in the centre of urban areas are old and narrow.
  • Governments and planners often step in to redevelop run-down inner-city areas. Inner-city redevelopments, such as those in Manchester's Salford Quays, can improve the physical environment of the area.
  • However, it can also create inequalities between the rich and poor because local residents may not be able to afford to live there anymore.

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