Brownfield and Greenfield sites
The UK is short of suitable housing. Approximately 3 million new homes are needed by 2030. They need to be built somewhere. The options are using Brownfield sites or Greenfield sites.
A derelict industrial pottery site, due to be redeveloped
- Are often on disused [disused: No longer in use. ] or derelict [derelict: Neglected or abandoned. ] land.
- Are more available in the North and Midlands (but most housing demand is in the south east).
- Are valuable as existing buildings can be split up into more homes on any one site.
- The site has already been developed so reduces urban sprawl [urban sprawl: The spread or expansion of the urban area into the surrounding countryside. ].
- Use unsightly areas for building developments, so improves the urban environment.
- Are found in urban areas, so building housing there reduces demand on car use.
- Are more expensive to build on as often the land needs to be cleared first (especially if land is contaminated [contamination: When the material becomes impure or unclean. ] from previous industrial use).
A residential housing development at Priors Park, Tewkesbury, Gloucester.
- Are sites which have not previously been built on. This includes the greenbelt land around cities.
- Are cheaper to build on.
- Are not favoured by environmentalists, as it encourages urban sprawl.
- will mean that countryside is built on.
- Encourage commuting and traffic congestion as people travel into urban areas from the countryside.