Geography

Urban models in MEDCs

There are a number of models, to show how land is used in a typical city. They highlight areas such as the central business district, inner city and suburbs. Watch this video to find out more.

Video

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Key points

  • The Central Business District (CBD) is located where roads and railways converge so it's easily accessible to workers and shoppers.
  • The inner city is typically next to the CBD and has mainly terraced houses in a grid like pattern.
  • Run down terraced housing gets bought by investors and improved to appeal to young professionals wanting to access the CBD. This is called gentrification.
  • Suburban areas are often home to commuters who need access to the CBD along main roads and railways. They are also within easy reach of the countryside. They are typically detached or semi detached houses
  • The edge of a town or city where it meets the country is the urban rural fringe. It could be used for housing, golf courses, allotments, business parks and airports.
  • In the past geographers have put together models of how land in a 'typical' city is laid out. One of the most famous is the concentric zone model.

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