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Geography

Urban models in LEDCs

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LEDCs have similar land-use needs to MEDCs, but the pattern of land use in urban areas is different.

Land use in LEDCs

Although every LEDC [LEDC: A Less Economically Developed Country (LEDC) has low levels of development, based on economic indicators, such as gross domestic product (the country's income). ] city has its own characteristics, models can be used to illustrate a typical LEDC city.

Model of an LEDC city

Model of an LEDC city

Both MEDC [MEDC: A More Economically Developed Country (MEDC) has high levels of development based on economic indicators such as gross domestic product (the country's income). ] and LEDC cities have a CBD [CBD: The Central Business District, usually in the centre of a town or city. This area will typically have good transport links and contain a large number of shops and offices. ] - often the oldest part of the city.

In LEDCs the poorest housing is found on the edge of the city - in contrast to MEDC cities whose suburban fringe is very often a place of high quality housing. The areas of poor quality housing found on the edge of cities in LEDCs are called squatter settlements or shanty towns.

Land use in Sao Paulo, Brazil

The below pictures show two very different areas of Sao Paulo in Brazil - the CBD [CBD: The Central Business District, usually in the centre of a town or city. This area will typically have good transport links and contain a large number of shops and offices. ] and an outer-lying shanty town.

Sao Paulo - the city centre

Sao Paulo - the city centre

Sao Paulo - shanty town

Sao Paulo - shanty town

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