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Geography

Changes in rural areas - LEDCs

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Sustainable rural change in LEDCs

Four key ways of helping rural areas become more sustainable

  • By improving the rural economy. This includes encouraging income generation in the area. This may result in less rural - urban migration.
  • By increasing rural food production. This will need to be done in an environmentally sensitive way, so the way the land is farmed is more sustainable.
  • By improving the rural standard of living. Ensuring there is clean water and safe sewerage disposal. Giving everybody access to education and health care.
  • Improvements in communication help rural people to keep in touch with developments. Better access and links to towns allows exchange of information, goods and products.

Charities working in rural LEDCs

There are many charities and non profit organisations working in rural LEDCs to help them become more sustainable.

They may do this by:

  • Working alongside communities, teaching natural (organic [organic: Grown by environmentally favourable methods, which do not involve the use of artificial pesticides and fertilisers. ]) farming methods to boost crops and increase yields.
  • Having a 'pass on' system, which means any benefit an individual is given, will be passed on when they are able. For instance when seeds are given, after the following harvest some of the seeds produced are passed on to others in need.
  • Training people to help reduce soil erosion and improve water holding capacity of the soil. This can be through contour ploughing [contour ploughing: When the land is ploughed along the lines of the contours. ] or applying manure from the animals given to the communities.
  • Helping people to help themselves - boosting confidence and developing a strong community spirit.
  • Developing self sufficiency over time - when the support from the organisation goes, the community will still be able to carry on.

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