Managing population change
Most MEDCs [MEDC: A More Economically Developed Country (MEDC) has high levels of development based on economic indicators such as gross domestic product (the country's income). ] are experiencing slow rates of population growth and some are experiencing population decline.
Most MEDCs are in stage 4 of the demographic transition model [demographic transition model: A measure of population change over time which tracks birth and death rates. ] - the population is high, but not growing. Some countries have a declining population and could be said to be entering stage 5. This means that the birth rate in their country has fallen below the death rate. Most MEDCs have a very low rate of natural increase [natural increase: The natural growth of a population due to the number of births exceeding deaths. ].
The average life expectancy in MEDCs is rising. This is due to:
Birth rates in MEDCs are falling as people choose to have smaller families later in life. Contraception is easily available and well understood.
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