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Geography

Fold mountains

Examples of fold mountains include the Alps, Rockies, Andes and Himalayas. Watch this video to find out how they form.

Video

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Key points

  • When continental and oceanic plates move together, the layers of sedimentary rock on the sea floor fold.
  • Eventually the sedimentary rock rises above sea level as a range of fold mountains.
  • The Alps contain high mountain ranges, glaciated valleys, and flowing rivers.
  • Fold mountains allow for skiing, climbing, hiking and lakeside holidays.
  • The lakes and steep slopes are ideal for generating Hydroelectric power (HEP).
  • The mountain valleys are ideal for trains and roads.

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