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Geography

Types of migration

Economic migration

Economic migration is defined as a choice to move to improve the standard of living [standard of living: How much wealth a group of people have and the goods and services available to them. Life expectancy and literacy rate may also be taken into account. ] by gaining a better paid job.

When Poland and seven other Eastern European countries joined the EU in 2004, the UK received many economic migrants. There were 500,000 workers from Eastern Europe in 2009. The pull factors included wages five times greater than they could get at home. Some come for seasonal jobs, such as vegetable and fruit picking. More qualified migrants may look for medical or education jobs. The Eastern European migrants are not evenly spread across the UK, as the map below shows.

These maps of the UK show the total numbers of Eastern European migrants in each local authority who registered for work between May 2004 and December 2007.

This map of the UK shows the total numbers of Eastern European migrants in each local authority who registered for work between May 2004 and December 2007

As opportunities in Poland and other eastern European countries increase, people have started to move back.

Back to Migration index

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