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Geography

Types of migration

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There are a variety of reasons why people come and go from their home country - this may include choosing to receive medical treatment abroad or retiring somewhere warmer. The impacts are varied.

Short-term migration from the UK

Medical treatment

Around 60,000 people from the UK travelled abroad to receive medical treatment in 2009. Nearly 26,000 of these were for dentistry. Even when travel costs are included, it can be cheaper to travel abroad to have dental work done.

Cosmetic surgery, infertility treatment and orthopaedic treatment are also reasons for travel. People may be unhappy with the NHS or face a long waiting list.

Making this choice does have problems - it can be harder to check that private doctors in other countries have the correct qualifications, and people may not be fully insured. Infections or superbugs may be brought back to the UK.

Competitive sport

Athletes may be required to travel around the globe to compete in various tournaments. Sport may also require someone to take temporary residence in a country to fulfil a contract. Football in the UK is a sport that attracts foreign players. Pull factors [pull factors: Factors which attract people to move to a new place. ] are higher wages and the reputation of the country.

Real Madrid team before playng Barcelona in UEFA Champions League Semi Final

Multicultural Real Madrid football team

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