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Migration trends

Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. People move for economic, social, political and environmental reasons. Watch this video to find out more.


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Key points

  • Migration is the movement of people from one place to another.
  • Internal migration is when people migrate within the same country or region.
  • International migration is when people migrate from one country to another.
  • Emigration is when someone leaves a country.
  • Immigration is when someone enters a country.
  • Economic migration could mean moving to find work.
  • Social migration is moving to be near family.
  • Political migration can be moving to escape war.
  • Environmental migration is to escape natural disasters.
  • Push factors are the reasons people leave an area like lack of services, high crime, crop failure, flooding, poverty and war.
  • Pull factors are the reasons people move to a particular area, like high employment, wealth, better services, good climate and fertile land.

All Geography videos

Migration index

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