To read a map you need to understand compass directions, grid references and the map's key and scale. You need to be able to find features when given a map reference. You also need to be able to describe a feature's location on a map by giving a map reference.
Maps are representations of the world created by people called cartographers to help other people navigate [navigate: Find your way around. ] the world. Maps contain information tailored to a specific purpose.
There are five fundamental things you need to be familiar with to read a map successfully:
Compass directions are vital for finding your way around a map. There are many ways to remember where each direction goes. You probably learnt a rhyme or a phrase to help you remember - if not, here's one now. Starting at the top and moving clockwise the directions on a compass or map are:
OS [OS: Ordnance Survey. ] maps are divided into numbered squares. These squares can be used to give a place a four or six-figure grid reference. It is important that you know both four-figure and six-figure grid references.
Eastings are lines that run up and down the map. They increase in number the further you move east (or right). You can use them to measure how far to travel east.
Northings are lines that run across the map horizontally. They increase in number the further you move north (or up the map). You can use them to measure how far to travel north.
The six-figure reference on the map below shows a church in Bamford.
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