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Controlled assessment in geography


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Analysing and interpreting the evidence

This section is usually done under conditions of high control. Make sure you understand from your teacher what you are allowed to do during this time. You will need to think through what the results are suggesting.

When analysing and interpreting your research findings, make sure that you:

  • Structure your writing so that your interpretation is set apart from the findings. It is important that your interpretation is clearly labelled as separate from your research.
  • Present your analysis clearly and concisely.
  • Think about how your interpretations relate to one another. Do they shed light on a particular geographical trend? Do your results prove or disprove any hypotheses [hypotheses: An initial, tentative theory which is then tested to see if it fits the facts. ] you have set out to test at the beginning of your research?
  • You will gain marks for demonstrating a clear understanding of geographical themes, as well as a body of factual knowledge.

Evaluation and conclusion

  • Being able to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of your work is a vital part of any geographical research.
    • If you had more time, how would you further your research?
    • Did you come across any problems with the data collection?
    • Were there any aspects of your research that could skew your final conclusions?
    • How do you think your own thoughts and opinions could influence your findings?
  • Showing you are able to review your research from a critical distance is important.
  • When writing up your conclusions, do not be afraid to bring up new ideas and thoughts you may have about your research project. You will gain marks by showing you have and can use your own original ideas.

Top tip

Ask your teacher to show you examples of past students' work. It's useful to see a range of different levels of work to evaluate why one gained more or less marks than another. This can help you focus on what you need to do in order to get a high grade for your own research.

However, do not be tempted to copy or download work from internet sites. Plagiarising (copying) another person's work could have serious repercussions. Make sure the work is your own.


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