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Geography

Tundra

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Tundra biomes [biome: A large-scale ecosystem. ] are cold and treeless with very little precipitation. The landscape is quite bare with vegetation specially adapted to the low temperatures.

Characteristics and climate

Tundra areas include Northern parts of Canada, Russia and Alaska.

See where tundra are found across the world on this biomes map.

Climate graph for Baker Lake, Canada

Climate graph for Baker Lake, Canada

The temperatures stay below 0°C most of the year. The ground remains frozen, apart from a few centimetres of thaw in the summer. The precipitation [precipitation: Moisture that falls from the air to the ground. Includes rain, snow, hail, sleet, drizzle, fog, and mist are also precipitation. ] is gentle, mainly falling as snow. The winds can be very strong.

Summers may have many hours of continuous daylight. Winters are long, dark periods.

The climatic conditions mean that the landscape is quite bare, with little vegetation.

Arctic tundra, Canada

Arctic tundra in the Yukon Territory, Canada

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