Human uses of temperate deciduous woodlands
People use deciduous woodlands as a source of timber, for recreation and conserving wildlife. Woodland managers have to maintain a balance between conservation and human activity.
Humans use woodlands in a variety of ways:
Epping Forest is an example of a deciduous forest. It is located in north-east London.
The forest is used by visitors and looked after to help maintain the wildlife and its historic landscape.
Recreational activities here include:
There are also 60 football pitches and an 18-hole golf course in Epping Forest.
The City of London Corporation has overall responsibility to manage the forest, which is a site of special scientific interest which protects the trees by law. The management has to balance conserving the land with keeping it open to the public. This is difficult to do.
Traditional management techniques include pollarding [pollarding: Trees are cut above shoulder height to encourage new growth. ]. This technique encourages new growth, and maintains the trees for future generations. It is a form of sustainable management [sustainable: Doing something in a way that minimises damage to the environment and avoids using up natural resources, eg by using renewable resources. ] in the woodland. Pollarding also encourages birds to nest.
Dead wood is left to rot. Rotten wood is food for fungi and encourages wildlife. Some grassy areas are left uncut to encourage wildlife like butterflies.
The recreational areas for biking and horse riding are marked out. This reduces damage to other areas of the forest.
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