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French

Present participle - en

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This Revision Bite will give you practice in using the present participle en in French.

Forming the present participle

The present participle is like '-ing' in English. En + present participle means 'while... -ing' or 'by... -ing':

  • Il s'est endormi en regardant la télévision (He fell asleep while watching TV)

To form the present participle of -er, -ir and -re verbs take the nous form of the present tense, eg nous faisons, drop the nous and the -ons ending to get the stem, and add -ant, eg: faisant. Precede the verb with en, eg:

  • J'écoute de la musique en faisant mes devoirs (I listen to music while doing my homework)

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