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French

Agreement - adjectives

Regular and irregular adjectives

Some adjectives are regular and follow conventional rules depending on whether they are masculine, feminine or singular. Some adjectives have different rules - they are called irregular.

Regular or irregular?

When you look up an adjective in the dictionary, you always see it in the masculine singular form, eg petit.

If it is regular all you need to do is:

  • add -e to the end to get the feminine singular form, eg petite

  • add -s for the masculine plural form, eg petits

  • add -es for the feminine plural form, eg petites

Follow these simple rules for all regular adjectives that end in -u, -i, -é in the masculine singular form.

Regular adjectives

Type of adjectivesEnglishSingular masculineSingular femininePlural masculinePlural feminine
Regular adjectivessmallpetitpetitepetitspetites
Adjectives ending in -eyellowjaunejaunejaunesjaunes
Adjectives ending in -sbiggrosgrossegrosgrosses
Adjectives ending in -ngoodbonbonnebonsbonnes
Adjectives ending in -euxhappyheureuxheureuseheureuxheureuses
Adjectives ending in -erfirstpremierpremièrepremierspremières
Adjectives ending in -fsportysportifsportivesportifssportives

Irregular adjectives

Adjective (English)Singular before a vowel or silent -hSingular masculineSingular femininePlural masculinePlural feminine
bigun gros gâteauune grosse voiturede gros gâteauxde grosses voitures
longun long voyageune longue ruede longs voyagesde longues rues
whiteun manteau blancune robe blanchedes manteaux blancsdes robes blanches
goodun bon amiune bonne amiede bons amisde bonnes amies
beautifulun beau garçonun bel hommeune belle femmede beaux garçonsde beaux garçons
oldun vieux pantalonun vieil hôtelune vieille maisonde vieux pantalonsde vieilles maisons
newun nouveau bateauun nouvel appartementune nouvelle villede nouveaux bateauxde nouvelles villes

Back to Adjectives and adverbs - foundation index

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