DiDA

Video

The video production process starts with a plan orstoryboard. Once the video is recorded, it will need to be edited in video editing software.

Planning video

Before you record video for your multimedia product, you should create a storyboard.

hand drawn stroyboard

A video storyboard

A storyboard is a visual plan, depicting each scene you intend to film. It can also contain notes on action, audio, dialogue, camera angles and shots. It involves drawing a panel of rough sketches outlining what is going to happen.

Video editing software

Video editing software allows you to capture (import) your video footage and then edit it into a movie. You can cut and delete unwanted scenes, add images and background audio, or add text titles. Some advanced packages also allow you to create effects or enhance your footage, for example by carrying out colour correction.

There are numerous video software packages available - some are quite simple and offer basic editing tools, whereas others are industry standard and used by professionals.

Useful links

  • Windows Movie Maker

    A community-driven website created by users of Windows Movie Maker. It is featured on the Microsoft Windows XP Expert Zone website.

  • Apple iMovie

    Apple's tutorial page for iMovie. A well-written introduction to the software.

  • Pinnacle Studio Plus

    The software authors' website. An outline of Pinnacle Studio's features.

  • Ulead MediaStudio Pro

    Ulead's Learning Center offering tutorials for the latest version of MediaStudio Pro as well as earlier versions.

  • Adobe Premiere

    Premiere tips and tutorials from the Adobe website, covering basic to advanced level.

Capture video

There are several ways to capture video. You can:

  • film footage using a video camera
  • use footage that is already stored on tape or DVD
  • or use exisiting video clips

Importing your footage

If you are filming with a video camera, you will need to transfer the footage to your computer. You can do this using the Capture option in video editing software.

File menu with "capture video..." selected

  1. Open your video editing software.
  2. Connect your video camera to your computer.
  3. Select File; Import from Digital Video Camera (or File; Capture)
  4. Choose your device and follow the instructions to play and save your video footage into the software.

Importing existing footage

Screenshot of the File menu showing the 'Import into Collections' option highlighted

You may also want to import existing video clips, still images, or sound files into the software to use in addition to your video footage. Most video editing software has an Import function that allows you to do this.

Viewing your clips

When you have captured your video footage and imported any other clips, images or sound files, you should be able to view them in a project clips pane. Different software packages call the clips pane by various names such as:

  • project window
  • clips pane
  • collections pane

The image below is a screenshot of a clips pane, and you will see that it is split in two. On the left is a file hierarchy, where the collections folder and movie clips are. On the right hand side are thumbnails of video clips, images and a sound file, all stored in the collections folder.

The image below is a screenshot of a clips pane, and you will see that it is split in two. On the left is a file hierarchy, where the collections folder and movie clips are. On the right hand side are thumbnails of video clips, images and a sound file, all stored in the collections folder

Storyboards and timelines

The storyboard [storyboard: A type of plan often used when designing video, animation or multimedia applications. It involves drawing a panel of rough sketches outlining what is going to happen. ] and timeline are where you will build and arrange your movie, bringing all your clips, stills and sound files together. Some video editing packages make use of a storyboard, which allows you to assemble the clips in the correct order before editing them. In the image below, you can see a storyboard with one clip in place.

the storyboard view

The storyboard option

Some packages do not have storyboards, but all packages do have a timeline. This is where you can edit the movie, add effects, text and sound. If you've already arranged your clips on a storyboard, you will be able to see them in the timeline by selecting View; Timeline.

Watch the video below to see how to add a clip to the timeline.

Video summary

  1. Drag the video clip from the project window onto the timeline.
  2. Trim it by dragging the end of the clip towards the left of the screen.
  3. Add audio to the timeline by dragging a sound file to the Audio/Music track. Here, you can edit it in the same way you would edit a video clip.

The monitor

The monitor window is where you can watch and edit your video. Monitor windows have a play button, which is clicked to play the clip. They also have buttons or a sliding bar so you can move to different points within the clip.

Most monitor windows will also have buttons that allow you to add in and out points to select a segment from within a larger video clip.

Screenshot of the monitor window playing video clip

Adding video effects

A video effect can be used to add interesting visuals or texture to a movie clip, image or title. Watch this video to find out more.

Video summary

  1. Go to Tools>Effects and choose the one you want.
  2. Drag the effect onto the desired clip on the timeline. Effects can be added to video files, titles and images.
  3. A symbol will appear on the timeline where an effect has been added.

Adding video transitions

A video transition can be placed between two movie clips to join them in an interesting way and ensure that a whole movie flows together. Watch this video to see how.

Video summary

  1. Go to Tools>Transitions and choose the one you want.
  2. Drag the transition to the timeline and add between two clips.

Adding text (titles and credits)

Video editing software allows you to add text at the beginning (known as titles) and at the end (known as credits) of your movie. You can add text anywhere in your movie. Watch this video to see how.

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