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Design & Technology

Fabrics

Knitted fabrics

There are two types of knitted fabrics: weft-knitted and warp-knitted.

Weft-knitted fabrics

Weft-knitted fabric is made by looping together long lengths of yarn. It can be made by hand or machine. The yarn runs in rows across the fabric. If a stitch is dropped it will ladder down the length of the fabric. The fabric is stretchy and comfortable and is used for socks, T-shirts and jumpers.

Warp-knitted fabric

In warp-knitted fabric the loops interlock vertically along the length of the fabric. Warp knits are slightly stretchy and do not ladder. Warp-knitted fabric is made by machine. It is used for swimwear, underwear and geotextiles.

Back to Textiles index

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