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Production systems

An important part of production planning is organising the work environment in such a way that your time will be used efficiently, and that no-one's safety is put at risk.

Basic production systems

A system is a set of components [Components: The working parts of a product or system. In electronics: a part in an electronic circuit. ] arranged in the order needed to carry out a particular function - in this case designing and making a product. Systems can consist of mechanical, electrical, electronic, pneumatic [pneumatic: powered by air under pressure ] or hydraulic [hydraulic: powered by the movement of water or another liquid ] components. Some systems will combine components from more than one of these groups.

Key parts of a system

  • input - whatever goes into the system
  • process - where various kinds of operation take place
  • output - whatever is produced by the system
  • feedback - where information about the output is used to change the input, or change the process, or start up another system.

This diagram shows how these elements interact:

diagram illustrating how input feeds into processing, causing output, with output re-inputting into the process through feedback

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