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Design & Technology

Systems and practices

Production systems consist of inputs, processes, outputs and feedback. There are different scales of food production that require different kinds of equipment. CAD and CAM can be used to design, test, and monitor processes. Standard components can be used to speed up production. Safety is ensured through hazard analysis and critical control point checks.

Production systems

The production process can be viewed as a system, incorporating the following elements:

stages of the production process

  • Inputs are everything that goes into the system, such as the ingredients.
  • Processes include weighing, mixing, shaping and forming of mixtures, cooking, cooling, and packaging. Checks are carried out throughout the process.
  • Output is the end product, complete with packaging.
  • Feedback can happen throughout the production process. Control checks flag up the need for alteration and improvement to the inputs or processes.

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